In 2018, Canada created a legal pathway for nicotine vape products and sought to balance adult harm reduction with the protection of youth and non-smokers.
This is the seventh report in a series of independent reports commissioned by Public Health England to summarise evidence on vaping products to inform policies and regulations
Exclusive e-cigarette use has been shown to be associated with reduced levels of respiratory symptoms relative to smoking combustible cigarettes; this association has been less frequently studied in smokers using advanced-generation e-cigarette devices.
Cigarette smoking often results in nicotine dependence. With use of electronic cigarettes as an alternative source of nicotine, it is important to assess dependence associated with e-cigarette use. This study assesses dependence among current and former adult e-cigarette users on cigarettes and e-cigarettes, compared with dependence on cigarettes
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